Some 50 meters to the east of the site’s instruction area, at the side of the road, is a well that appears to be built upon ancient foundations. During the British mandate concrete was poured around the well mouth, which today is covered by a grille. This is Ein Rimon Well, which takes its name from the Hurvat Rimon ruins about two kilometers distant to the east. The Arabic name for the site is Ein Kuhleh (“Kohl Spring”). Kohl, which is derived from lead sulfide, is used in many parts of the world as a cosmetic to ornament and protect the eyes. However, as we are unaware of any history of the mining of galena - the naturally occurring form of lead sulfide - in the area, KKL-JNF would be very glad to hear from any readers who can cast light on the source of this Arabic name for the well.
The Ein Rimon grove has suffered from drought in recent years, and part of it has been cut down to make room for the construction of Highway 6. In an attempt to restore the site, local forester Moshe Mordechai has begun to water some of the trees in summertime, and plans for the coming year including the planting of bushes and trees around the well to improve the energy balance of the migratory songbirds. The saltbushes beside the well that were planted years ago to provide grazing produce seeds that attract Spanish sparrows (Passer hispaniolensis).
At the request of Eyal Shohat, KKL-JNF will plant the area around the well with fruit trees, which will attract numerous insects that will serve as a food source for the birds. In addition, fig trees, for example, attract warblers of various kinds in late spring and early autumn, and thymelaea bushes, which are characteristic of this area, produce fruit that is particularly attractive to greenfinches. To provide food for the spring migration, when the mastic trees are not yet producing fruit, plots of trees that that have a spring fruiting season will be planted adjacent to the mastic tree stand. The planting of different varieties of eucalypt is also important, as their flowers, which are conspicuous from afar, can be expected to attract nectar-loving birds from considerable distances away.