Sheik Marzouk was the loyal aide of the Sultan Bader, a dervish who founded a school at the village Dir a-Shih, a short distance from the Giora Mountain. Legends tell that one day the Sultan Bader saw the king leading his great army across the valley of the Sorek stream. The Sultan came down and offered to host the king and his army. The King did not believe that the humble dervish can host his entire army, so he decided to test him by asking water for his horses. The Sultan gave a jug to his aide Marzouk and told him to stand at the top of the Giora Mountain and shout "Oh, Sultan Bader!" Marzouk did as he was told, and then the Sultan appeared and ordered him to throw the jug down. The jug crashed on the ground, and wherever its remains landed, water flowed and the horsemen could let their horses drink. The Sultan then took a bag of barley to feed all the horses, and finally fed the warriors with some rice.
Sheik Marzouk became a holy man and was buried at the top of the Giora Mountain. Some say that the Sheik could do the hardest thing – reconcile between fighting couples.
About 200 meters after the Israel Trail becomes a part of the path, where the "black" path turns left (northwards), there is a grapevine. As with most of the grapevines in the area, it grows in a soil that is comfortable for agricultural development, of the Motza marlstone ground layer. This yellowish, soft rock is relatively protected from water seeping. For this reason, where these rocks are exposed to air, streams tend to appear in rainy years.
One such streams is Ein Misla, which can be found east from the grapevine in a field where surviving trees from traditional orchards and orchards planted by the residents of Mevo Beitar in the 1950s and 1960s can be seen. A few small streams come together here and create a nice-looking pool. The old pool, previously used by the residents of the village, was reconstructed by the youth of the nearby communities. Another pool, which also collected water in the past, was vandalized and destroyed.
The stream is one of the nicest places in Park Begin. It is under threat of expansion plans of Mevo Beitar
In front of the grapevine, about 100 meters down the road where it crosses the Yoel Stream, a small staircase marks the starting point of a walking trail marked in blue. The surviving stone structure was built in the days of the British mandate, a school for the children of the area, mostly from the village of Ras Abu Amar. At the beginning of the trail, on the right, the opening of a tomb can be seen. Near the ravine on the left grows one of the most beautiful orchards in the Jerusalem mountains, with pear, quince, fig and almond trees. The orchard was planted in the 1950s by the residents of Mevo Beitar. The residents used an impressive system of terraces from earlier periods; today, the orchards is no longer worked on, but the remaining trees enhance the travelers' enjoyment of the site.
About half a kilometer later, travelers reach Ein Yoel – a small stream originating in a hedgerow of Rubus sanguineus. A round concrete pool marks the location of the stream. Its waters were used by the residents of Ras Abu Amar, which was built on a hill north of the ravine. The name "Ein Yoel" commemorates Yoel Ben-Yehuda Potpovich of Mevo Beitar, who was murdered in 1959 when he went with his friends to pump water from the stream. Today, the stream flows for several months each year.
After visiting Ein Yoel, travelers can return on the "blue" path to their vehicles.
Right after the turn to Ein Yoel, there is a path marked in green. The green way (which turns left) is easy to pass through. It goes through a KKL-JNF forest, and after 3 kilometers, joins again with the path marked in black. Further away, the path pass by a scenic lookout and a recreation area where the landscape of the Aminadav Ridge can be seen.
400 meters from the lookout is Ein Kobi – a park in its own right. Here you can see one of the most beautiful streams in Jerusalem. The water flow through a 12-meter tunnel to a large underground pool covered by a stone structure. From the pool, the water keep flowing through a 17-meter tunnel to an external pool. From the reserve, water were passed in tunnels to irrigated lands.
KKL-JNF, in collaboration with the Israel Antiquities Authority, reconstructed the water system and opened it public visitors, and also planted orchard tree in the site and added a recreation area and a small overnight camping site east of the park. The underground pool can be reached through careful descending a steel staircase. Those who wish for a more adventurous access can use a secured iron ladder through an opening the leads down to the stream, located 20 meters south of the pool. A short and wet crawl down leads to the underground pool, and to a steel platform leading to the stairs and the exit. Flashlights, walking shoes and the right spirit are required.The stream's volumetric flow rate is constantly dropping due to the fewer rains that Israel has experienced in past few years, as well as the end of the traditional works at the old terraces, works that in past increased the flow of the water to the ground and the stream. Near the pools is a structure dating to the Roman or Byzantine periods, which over the years became a mosque.
Nearby are also the remains of a church from the crusades. Archeological digs reveal a character dressed in red and holding a handle, an animal's foot and a lower part of a man wearing short red clothes. These may be the remains of a scene showing Maria walking to Bethlehem or the holy family on its way to Egypt.East of the stream, among the trees, is the Horvat Kobi site with the remains of ancient structures, tombs and agricultural facilities. Among them are also the remains of the Arab village Al Kabo, which was abandoned during Israel's war of independence. Some recognize the place the as the biblical Kabon, a name also mentioned during the voyage of Assyrian King Sennacherib to Judea. During the Mishna period, the place was known as Kobi.
The Menachem and Aliza Begin Scenic Lookout
Visitors to Ein Kobi have two travel options. They can go north on a dirt road marked in green down the Refa'im Stream and turn left at the Kobi Bridge to the Aminadav forest and the Kennedy Memorial. The road is about 10 kilometers long and is meant for 4X4 vehicles.
The other option is to continue on the paved road south and exit to road 375 after 1.5 kilometers, near Mevo Beitar. Those who take this path will pass another recreation area and will reach the Menachem and Aliza Begin scenic lookout. The lookout is noted for its iron roof painted in blue. An oak tree provides shading for the lookout, and stones feature quotes from Begin's speeches. Near the lookout are picnic tables. The lookout and the recreation area are accessible to people with disabilities.