The average annual precipitation in the area rarely exceeds 300mm. This is not a sufficient amount for the development of dense vegetation, and since there is not much vegetation and because of the soft loess soil, the result is erosion and the creation of the badlands topography. KKL-JNF has marked a driving route in the area with signs, and the road is suitable for all vehicles.
Old Beeri – Nahabir
Beeri was founded as part of the eleven points in the Negev (a joint project of the Jewish Agency, KKL-JNF, the Haganah and Mekorot) by members of the Scouts and the Noar Haoved movements. The project was planned very secretly. On the night following Yom Kippur, people from several communities assembled with equipment and set out at nightfall in convoys.
Even the settlers themselves did not know exactly where they were going. In one night, Beeri, Hatzerim, Nevatim, Urim, Nirim, Shoval, Mishmar Hanegev, Galon, Tekuma, Kfar Darom and Kadima were established. Kibbutz Beeri was originally called Nahabir, which was the Arabic name of the area and means badlands. Later it was named Beeri, which was the literary name of Berl Katzenelson, who died around then. The kibbutz was initially about 2 km west of its present location and was called Beerot.
During the War of Independence, Kibbutz Beeri was attacked by the Egyptian army, and its defenders had to live in bunkers for several months. After the war, it was relocated to its present location on the El Musharifa Hill. In the former Beeri you can still see the old security house riddled with bullet holes, the water tower of the kibbutz and the Position One lookout, which is located on the south side of the paved road, across from the security house. The position, the trenches and the fences were restored by the children of the kibbutz. The lookout is beautiful. To the south one can see the sulfur quarries, and below the lookout are the first groves of the kibbutz, which have recently been restored by KKL-JNF.