"And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim." Matthew 4:13
Capernaum is located on the northern shores of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret). The remains of an ancient fishing village were found at the site and according to Christian tradition, Jesus selected it as the center of his activities in the Galilee after leaving Nazareth, and taught in the local synagogue. Capernaum was also the home of the apostles Peter, James, Andrew and John, who were fishermen and Matthew, the tax collector. One of the houses excavated at the site is believed to be the house of Peter. Two synagogues were found at the site, an early one from the time of Jesus and a larger, grander one dating back to the 4th century AD. In the 5th century, an octagonal church was built on the site of Peter’s house.
Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI both visited the site when they were in the Holy Land. The site is owned by the Franciscan Order (the western section) and by the Greek Orthodox Church (the western section). In the eastern section is the Greek Orthodox Church of the Twelve Apostles, built in 1931, standing out with its white walls and bright red domes. The inner walls are covered with unique frescoes depicting scenes from the New Testament.
In expectation of the Millennium, KKL-JNF, the Israel Ministry of Tourism and the Israel Nature and Parks Authority developed the entrance to the Capernaum National Park and a dock from which visitors can sail to Tiberias and Ein Gev.