Thus says Shamu Eda, Ruler of Shimron. At the feet of my king I prostrate myself seven times seven. I have heard all the words of my king; would the king kindly send a messenger [to say] if our forefathers have paid [tax] since the days of our father Kosona.” . In short, the King of Shimron is attempting not to pay tribute to Egypt on the basis of a claim that his forefathers were not obliged to do so.
The name Shimron is mentioned three times in the Bible. The Canaanite King of Shimron made common cause with Yavin, King of Hatzor, and, together with the other Canaanite kings, they went to war against Yehoshua Bin Nun (Joshua the son of Nun; see Joshua 21:1). Joshua won the battle and Shimron passed into the hands of the tribe of Zevulun. The site at the top of Tel Shimron is merely the acropolis or citadel of these ancient settlements, most of whose territory extended out to the west of the summit.
Researchers believe that the settlement here was actually called Shim‘on, not Shimron, and, indeed, the township that flourished here in the Mishnaic and Talmudic period was called Simonia, a name that derives from Shim‘on. The writer of the Biblical text, for his own reasons, preferred to call the town Shimron, and this name has stuck ever since.
To enjoy the view properly, you need to move around the mound a bit so as to observe the landscape from different angles, each of which reveals a new aspect of the landscape. In this way, you can look down at the expanses of the Jezreel Valley around Nahalal, get a glimpse of the Nazareth Hills and the township of Migdal HaEmek, see the hills around Kiryat Tivon and, of course, look across towards Mount Carmel.