Just before the Mizrahi-Tefahot Recreation Area we come to the final stop along the Bricha Trail. A flight of steps descends here to a small plaza to the north of the Scenic Route, at a point that overlooks the sea and the coastal plain of Mount Carmel. This area is dedicated to life in the displaced persons camps that were established by the Allies in regions under their control in Germany, Austria and Italy. Survivors of the concentration camps liberated by the Allies were the first people to arrive there, and later they were joined by many other Jews who had made their way along the various escape routes. All in all, about a quarter of a million Jews passed through these camps.
Conditions in the displaced persons camps were hard, especially at first. The survivors found themselves behind wire fences once more, without sufficient food, clothing or medicines. Nevertheless, with the help of the escape route activists, they managed to organize themselves into a community and initiate social, cultural and educational activities. They formed entertainment troupes, published newspapers and documented their own lives.
Because of the Bricha Movement’s activities, tens of thousands of homeless Jews roamed throughout Europe, creating an international problem that undermined both functionally and morally the British Mandate’s White Paper policy of limiting the number of Jews entering Palestine. This situation, combined with clandestine immigration activity, contributed to the UN General Assembly’s resolution of November 29th, 1947 to divide the country into two states, one Arab, the other Jewish.